Specific Areas




This includes both reading and writing. At Berridge, we emphasise enjoying reading and stories, and how to handle books, as well as teaching the children the skills to be able to read themselves. We always encourage the children to read for meaning, making sense of the words they have “decoded”.  We encourage children to see themselves as writers, and have the confidence to make meaningful marks, eventually leading to writing that can be read by others.


By the end of reception we expect children to use phonic skills and words they have learnt from the house word cards to read simple sentences. Likewise we expect them to be able to write simple sentences spelling some simple words and some of the house words correctly, and using their phonic skills to have a go at longer or trickier words.


In order to help children reach this end point we teach them specific skills of reading and writing, including through phonics lessons. We encourage them to use their mark making skills in a variety of meaningful ways while they are playing, and we encourage them to take note of print and text in the environment, looking for the meaning in that text.


At Berridge we give children the opportunity to develop their skills in counting and comparing numbers, we teach them the skills of calculation both as addition and subtraction, and describe and use shapes, spaces, patterns and measures.


By the end of reception we expect children to count and use numbers to 20, understand the concepts of more and less, add and subtract with single digit numbers and solve simple problems involving numbers. We also expect children to talk about size, shape, patterns, length, capacity, time, position and money.


In order to reach that end point we give children lots of practical opportunities to experience maths. There are a lot of opportunities for them to apply the skills they have been taught while they are playing, which makes the maths more meaningful for them. As the children’s skills develop we include more formal methods alongside the practical activities.

Understanding the World

At Berridge we help children make sense of the world around them and their community by exploring and observing people, places, technology and the environment.


By the end of reception we expect children to know and talk about similarities and differences between themselves and others and talk about features of their own environment. We expect them to notice and comment on patterns and changes. And we expect them to recognise and use technology including computers.


In order to reach this end point we go on visits and have visitors in to encourage children to see the world from other perspectives. We take advantage of the natural environment within the grounds of the school as well as the changing seasons to help children to see and reflect on the world around them.


Expressive Arts and Design

At Berridge we support children to explore and play with a wide variety of media and materials. We also encourage them to share their thoughts, ideas and feelings through art, dance, role play, music, movement and design and technology.


By the end of reception we expect children to sing songs and make music and dances, explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques when engaging in creative work. We expect them to use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways and to represent their ideas in creative ways.


In order to reach this end point we teach children specific skills of creativity. We also have indoor and outdoor role play areas to encourage imaginative play, as  well as small world toys like farms, dinosaurs, trains and cars. We encourage children to develop their imagination in the mud kitchen. And there is continuous access to creative and art based activities with plenty of choice for the children to express themselves, and much more!